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Binomial Probability Formula

The Binomial Probability distribution is an experiment that possess the following properties:

  • There are fixed number of trials which is denoted by n.
  • All the trials are independent.
  • The outcome of each trial can either be a "success" or "failure".
  • The probability of success remains constant and is denoted by p.
Then the probability distribution of exactly x successes from n number of trials is given by
Binomial Probability Formula
Where,
n = Total number of trials
x = Total number of successful trials
p = probability of success in a single trial
q = probability of failure in a single trial = 1-p

Related Calculators
Binomial Distribution Probability Calculator Binomial Probability Calculator
Binomial Formula Calculator Binomial Confidence Interval Calculator
 

Binomial Probability Problems

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Below are the problems for binomial probability distribution:

Solved Examples

Question 1: A fair coin is flipped 6 times. What is the probability of getting exactly 2 tails ?

Solution:
 
n = total number of trials = 6
x = total number of successful trials = 3
p = probability of success in one trial = $\frac{1}{2}$

q = probability of failure in one trial = 1 - $\frac{1}{2}$ = $\frac{1}{2}$

P(x) = $\left ( \frac{6!}{2!\times 4!} \right )$ $\times$ $\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{3}$ $\times$ $\left(\frac{1}{2}\right)^{3}$

= $\frac{15}{64}$

= 0.234
 

Question 2: A die is rolled 5 times. Find the probability of getting exactly 2 fours ?

Solution:
 
Here
n = 5
x = 2
p = $\frac{1}{6}$

q = 1 - $\frac{1}{6}$ = $\frac{5}{6}$
Then
P(x) = $\left(\frac{5!}{2! \times 3!}\right)$ $\times$ $\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)^{2}$ $\times$ $\left(\frac{5}{6}\right)^{3}$

= 0.161

 

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